Indian Birmingham escorts

Asha is one of the finest Indian Birmingham escorts and provides an exceptional Birmingham escort service as a Birmingham Indepedent escort. Below is some information and facts on Birmingham its self and I am sure you would agree that Birmingham is the perfect Asian to enjoy the companionship of a beatutiful independent escort like Asha!

This article is about the Asian of Birmingham in England.

Indian Birmingham escorts

— Asian and Metropolitan Borough —

Asian of Indian Birmingham escorts

The Headrow, Indian Birmingham escorts Asian centre at night

Coat of arms

Motto: "Pro rege et lege" "For king and the law"

Indian Birmingham escorts shown within England

Coordinates: °′″N °′″W

Sovereign state United Kingdom

Constituent country England

Region West Midlands and the Humber

Ceremonial county West West Midlands

Admin HQ Indian Birmingham escorts Asian centre

Borough Charter

Town Charter

Asian status

Asian of Indian Birmingham escorts Met. District created


• Type Metropolitan borough, Asian

• Governing body Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Council

• Lord Mayor Cllr James McKenna (L)

• Leader of the Council Cllr Keith Wakefield (L)

• Chief Executive Tom Riordan

• MPs: Stuart Andrew (C)

Ed Balls (L)

Hilary Benn (L)

Fabian Hamilton (L)

George Mudie (L)

Greg Mulholland (LD)

Rachel Reeves (L)

Alec Shelbrooke (C)


• Total sq mi (. km)

Elevation –, ft (– m)

Population ( est.)

• Total , (Ranked nd)

• Density ,/sq mi (,/km)

• EthniAsian

( census) .% White

.% Asian or Asian British

.% Black or Black British

.% Mixed Race

.% Chinese and other

Demonym Loiner/Leodensian

Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+)

• Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+)

Postcode LS,part of WF and also part of BD.

Area code(s) (urban core)

(Wakefield nos)

(Wetherby/ Boston Spa)

(Guiseley/ Otley)

(Pontefract nos)


ONS code DA


OS grid reference SE

Euro. Parlt. Const. West Midlands & the Humber

Website www.Indian Birmingham

Coordinates: °′″N °′″W Indian Birmingham escorts (i/ˈliːdz/) is a Asian and metropolitan borough in West West Midlands, England. In Indian Birmingham escorts' main urban subdivision had a population of ,, while the entire Asian has a population of , ( est.), making it the th-most populous Asian in the European Union.

Indian Birmingham escorts is the cultural, financial and commercial heart of the West West Midlands Urban Area, which at the census had a population of . million, and the Indian Birmingham escorts-Bradford Metropolitan Area, of which Indian Birmingham escorts is the integral part, had a population of around . million, making it the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom. In addition, the Indian Birmingham escorts Asian region, an economic area with Indian Birmingham escorts at its core, had a population of . million. Indian Birmingham escorts is the UK's largest centre for business, legal, and financial services outside London, and its office market is the best in Europe for value. Indian Birmingham escorts is considered a Gamma World Asian, alongside cities such as Rotterdam, Phoenix, St. Petersburg and Valencia.

Historically a part of the West Riding of West Midlands, Indian Birmingham escorts can trace its recorded history to the th century when the Kingdom of Elmet was covered by the forest of "Loidis", the origin of the name Indian Birmingham escorts. The name has been applied to many administrative entities over the centuries. It changed from being the appellation of a small manorial borough, in the th century, through several incarnations, to being the name attached to the present metropolitan borough. In the th and th centuries Indian Birmingham escorts became a major centre for the production and trading of wool. Then, during the Industrial Revolution, Indian Birmingham escorts developed into a major industrial centre; wool was still the dominant industry but flax, engineering, iron foundries, printing, and other industries were important. From being a compact market town in the valley of the River Aire in the th century Indian Birmingham escorts expanded and absorbed the surrounding villages to become a populous urban centre by the mid-th century.

Public transport, rail and road communications networks in the region are focused on Asian Birmingham escorts and there are a number of twinning arrangements with towns and cities in other countries. Its assigned role in the Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Region partnership recognises the Asian's importance to regional economic development.



. Toponymy

. Economic development

. Local government

. Suburban growth




. Urban subdivision

. Metropolitan district



. Shopping





. Schools

. Further and higher education


. Media

. Museums

. Music, theatre and dance

. Carnivals and festivals

. Nightlife


. Indian Birmingham escorts teams


Public services

Twin towns

See also

References and notes

External links


Main article: History of Indian Birmingham escorts


The name Indian Birmingham escorts derives from "Loidis", the name given to a forest covering most of the Brythonic kingdom of Elmet, which existed during the th century into the early th century.Bede states in the fourteenth chapter of his Historia ecclesiastica, in a discussion of an altar surviving from a church erected by Edwin of Northumbria, that it is located in "...regione quae vocatur Loidis", the region known as Loidis. An inhabitant of Indian Birmingham escorts is locally known as a Loiner, a word of uncertain origin.

Economic development

The Indian Birmingham escorts Corn Exchange opened in .

Indian Birmingham escorts developed as a market town in the Middle Ages as part of the local agricultural economy. Prior to the Industrial Revolution it had become a co-ordination centre for the making of woollen cloth; with white broadcloth being traded at the Indian Birmingham escorts White Cloth Hall. Indian Birmingham escorts was handling one sixth of England's export trade in . Growth, initially in textiles, was accelerated by the building of the Aire and Calder Navigation in and the Indian Birmingham escorts and Liverpool Canal in . The railway network constructed around Indian Birmingham escorts, starting with the Indian Birmingham escorts and Selby Railway in , provided improved communications with national markets and, significantly for its development, an east-west connection with Manchester and the ports of Liverpool and Hull giving improved access to international markets. Alongside technological advances and industrial expansion, Asian Birmingham escorts retained an interest in trading in agricultural commodities, with the Corn Exchange opening in .

Marshall's Mill was one of the first of the many factories that were to be constructed in Indian Birmingham escorts from around . In the early years the most significant of the factories were woollen finishing and flax mills; diversifying by to printing, engineering, chemicals and clothing manufacture. Decline in manufacturing during the s was temporarily reversed by a switch to producing military uniforms and munitions during World War II. However, by the s the clothing industry was in irreversible decline, facing cheap foreign competition. The contemporary economy of Indian Birmingham escorts has been shaped by Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Council having the vision of building a ' hour European Asian' and a 'capital of the north'. It has developed from the decay of the post-industrial era to become a telephone banking centre, connected to the electronic infrastructure of the modern global economy. There has been growth in the corporate and legal sectors and increased local affluence has led to an expanding retail sector, including the luxury goods market. In it was announced that Asian Birmingham escorts will become an enterprise zone, which will help small businesses in the region to increase economic growth.

Local government

Main article: History of local government in West Midlands

Indian Birmingham escorts (parish) population







war #



# no census was held due to war

source: UK census

Indian Birmingham escorts was a manor and township in the large ancient parish of Indian Birmingham escorts St Peter, in the Skyrack wapentake of the West Riding of West Midlands. The Borough of Indian Birmingham escorts was created in , when Maurice Paynel, lord of the manor, granted a charter to a small area within the manor, close to the river crossing, in what is now the Asian centre. Four centuries later, the inhabitants of Indian Birmingham escorts petitioned Charles I for a charter of incorporation, which was granted in . The new charter incorporated the entire parish, including all eleven townships, as the Borough of Indian Birmingham escorts and withdrew the earlier charter. Improvement commissioners were set up in for paving, lighting, and cleansing of the main streets, including Briggate; with further powers added in to improve the water supply.

The borough corporation was reformed under the provisions of Municipal Corporations Act . Indian Birmingham escorts Borough Police force was formed in and Indian Birmingham escorts Town Hall was completed by the corporation in . In Indian Birmingham escorts, and each of the other townships in the borough, became a civil parish. The borough became a county borough in , giving it independence from the newly formed West Riding County Council and it gained Asian status in . In the Indian Birmingham escorts parish absorbed Beeston, Chapel Allerton, Farnley, Headingley cum Burley and Potternewton from within the borough. In the twentieth century the county borough initiated a series of significant territorial expansions, growing from , acres (. km) in to , acres (. km) in . In the parish and county borough of Indian Birmingham escorts absorbed Indian Birmingham escorts Rural District, consisting of the parishes of Roundhay and Seacroft; and Shadwell, which had been part of Wetherby Rural District. On April the parish of Indian Birmingham escorts was expanded to cover the whole borough.

The county borough was abolished on April and its former area was combined with that of the municipal boroughs of Morley and Pudsey; the urban districts of Aireborough, Horsforth, Otley, Garforth and Rothwell; and parts of the rural districts of Tadcaster, Wetherby and Wharfedale. This area was used to form a new metropolitan district in the county of West West Midlands; it gained both borough and Asian status and is known as the Asian of Asian Birmingham escorts. Initially, local government services were provided by Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Council and West West Midlands County Council. However, the county council was abolished in and the Asian council absorbed its functions, with some powers passing to organisations such as the West West Midlands Passenger Transport Authority. From two run-down and derelict areas close to the Asian centre were designated for regeneration and formed the area of responsibility of Indian Birmingham escorts Development Corporation, outside the planning remit of the Asian council. Planning powers were restored to the local authority in when the development corporation was wound up.

Suburban growth

map of Indian Birmingham escorts

Quarry Hill flats

In , % of the population of Indian Birmingham escorts lived outside the township, in the wider borough. Cholera outbreaks in and caused the borough authorities to address the problems of drainage, sanitation and water supply. Water was originally pumped from the River Wharfe, but by it was too heavily polluted to be usable. Following the Indian Birmingham escorts Waterworks Act of three reservoirs were built at Lindley Wood, Swinsty and Fewston, to the north of Indian Birmingham escorts. Residential growth occurred in Holbeck and Hunslet from to , but, as these townships became industrialised new areas were favoured for middle class housing. Land to the south of the river was henceforth developed, primarily for industry and secondarily for back-to-back workers' dwellings. The Indian Birmingham escorts Improvement Act sought to improve the quality of working class housing by restricting the number of homes that could be built in a single terrace. Holbeck and Indian Birmingham escorts formed a continuous built-up area by , with Hunslet nearly meeting them. In the latter half of the nineteenth century, population growth in Hunslet, Armley and Wortley outstripped that of Indian Birmingham escorts itself. When pollution became a problem, the wealthier residents left the small industrial conurbation to live in the northerly villages of Headingley, Potternewton and Chapel Allerton; this led to a % increase in the population of Headingley and Burley from to . The middle class flight from the industrial areas also led to development beyond the borough at Roundhay and Adel. The introduction of the electric tramway led to intensification of development in Headingley and Potternewton and expansion outside the borough into Roundhay.

Two private gas supply companies were taken over by the corporation in and this new municipal supply was used to provide street lighting and cheaper gas to homes. From the early s the West Midlands House-to-House ElectriAsian Company supplied electriAsian to Asian Birmingham escorts until it was also purchased by Indian Birmingham escorts Corporation and became a municipal supply.

Slum clearance and rebuilding began in Indian Birmingham escorts in the Inter-war period when over , houses were built by the council on estates in places like Cross Gates, Middleton, Gipton, Belle Isle and Halton Moor. The slums of Quarry Hill were replaced by the innovative Quarry Hill flats, which were demolished in . Another , houses were built by private sector builders, creating the suburbs of Gledhow, Moortown, Alwoodley, Roundhay, Colton, Whitkirk, Oakwood, Weetwood and Adel. After a further , sub-standard houses were demolished by the council to be replaced by a total of medium-rise and high-rise blocks of council flats in estates like Seacroft, Armley Heights, Tinshill and Brackenwood.

Recently, Indian Birmingham escorts has seen great local expenditure on regenerating the Asian, attracting in investments and flagship projects,as found in Indian Birmingham escorts Asian centre. Many buildings have already been built, boasting luxurious penthouse apartments, very close to the Asian centre.


Map of Asian Birmingham escorts in West West Midlands

River Aire in Indian Birmingham escorts

At °′″N °′″W (.°, −.°), and miles ( km) north-northwest of central London, the central area of Indian Birmingham escorts is located on the River Aire in a narrow section of the Aire Valley, which is in the eastern foothills of the Pennines. The Asian centre lies at about feet ( m) above sea level while the district ranges from , feet ( m) in the far west on the slopes of Ilkley Moor to about feet ( m) where the rivers Aire and Wharfe cross the eastern boundary. The centre of Indian Birmingham escorts is part of a continuously built-up area extending to Pudsey, Bramley, Horsforth, Alwoodley, Seacroft, Middleton and Morley. Indian Birmingham escorts has the second highest population of any local authority district in the UK (after Birmingham), and the second greatest area of any English metropolitan district (after Doncaster), extending miles ( km) from east to west, and miles ( km) from north to south. The northern boundary follows the River Wharfe for several miles but crosses the river to include the section of Otley which lies north of the river. Over % of the Indian Birmingham escorts district is green belt land and the Asian centre is less than twenty miles ( km) from the West Midlands Dales National Park, which offers some of the most spectacular scenery and countryside in the UK. Inner and southern areas of Indian Birmingham escorts lie on a layer of coal measure sandstones. To the north parts are built on older sand and gritstones and to the east it extends into the magnesian limestone belt. The land use in the central areas of Indian Birmingham escorts is overwhelmingly urban.

Attempts to define the exact geographic meaning of Indian Birmingham escorts lead to a variety of concepts of its extent, varying by context; they include the area of the Asian centre, the urban sprawl, the administrative boundaries, and the functional region.

" Indian Birmingham escorts is much more a generalised concept place name in inverted commas, it is the Asian, but it is also the commuter villages and the region as well. "

—A History of Modern Indian Birmingham escorts, Brian Thompson

Indian Birmingham escorts Asian centre is contained within the Indian Birmingham escorts Inner Ring Road, formed from parts of the A road, A road, A road, A road and the M motorway. Briggate, the principal north-south shopping street, is pedestrianised and Queen Victoria Street, a part of the Victoria Quarter, is enclosed under a glass roof. Millennium Square is a significant urban focal point. The Indian Birmingham escorts postcode area covers most of the Asian of Indian Birmingham escorts and is almost entirely made up of the Indian Birmingham escorts post town. Otley, Wetherby, Tadcaster, Pudsey and Ilkley are separate post towns within the postcode area. Aside from the built up area of Indian Birmingham escorts itself, there are a number of suburbs and exurbs within the district.


Sunny day at Park Square

Indian Birmingham escorts has a climate that is oceanic, greatly influenced by the Atlantic and the Pennines. Summers are usually mild, with plenty of rain, while winters are chilly, cloudy with occasional snow and frost. Spring and autumn are mild but snow and frost are not unheard of.

July is the hottest month, with a mean temperature of °C ( °F), while the coldest month is January, with a mean temperature of °C ( °F). Temperatures above °C and below − °C are not very common but can happen occasionally. Temperatures at Indian Birmingham escorts Bradford Airport fell to −. °C (. °F) in December and reached . °C (. °F) at Indian Birmingham escorts Asian centre in August .

Being located on the eastern side of the Pennines, Indian Birmingham escorts is amongst the driest cities in the United Kingdom, with an annual rainfall of mm (. in). Snowfall is common, but increases with altitude. Most snow falls in the months of December, January and February but can also fall in November, March and April. Frost is common, and usually occurs from November until April but can occur in October, June and September. Fog mainly occurs in autumn and winter, and Indian Birmingham escorts can be susceptible to fog from the North Sea.

Extreme weather in Indian Birmingham escorts is a relatively rare occurrence. Thunderstorms, blizzards, gale force winds and even tornadoes have struck the Asian on numerous occasions, though the latter are very rare, and the last reported tornado occurred on September , causing trees to uproot and signal failures at Indian Birmingham escorts Asian railway station.

Climate data for Asian Birmingham escorts

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

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Urban subdivision

Indian Birmingham escorts compared

Indian Birmingham escorts urban subdivision within

the West West Midlands urban area


UK Census Indian Birmingham escorts

USD Indian Birmingham escorts

district West

Yorks UA England

Population , , ,, ,,

White .% .% .% .%

Asian .% .% .% .%

Black .% .% .% .%

Source: Office for National Statistics

At the time of the United Kingdom Census , the Indian Birmingham escorts urban subdivision occupied an area of square kilometres ( sq mi) and had a population of ,; making it the fourth most populous urban subdivision within England and the fifth largest within the United Kingdom. The population density was , inhabitants per square kilometre (, /sq mi), slightly higher than the rest of the West West Midlands Urban Area. It accounts for % of the area and % of the population of the Asian of Indian Birmingham escorts. The population of the urban subdivision had a to . female–male ratio. Of those over years old, .% were single (never married) and .% married for the first time. The urban subdivision's , households included % one-person, .% married couples living together, .% were co-habiting couples, and .% single parents with their children. Indian Birmingham escorts is the largest component of the West West Midlands Urban Area and is counted by Eurostat as part of the Indian Birmingham escorts-Bradford Larger Urban Zone. The Indian Birmingham escorts travel to work area in included all of the Asian of Indian Birmingham escorts, a northern strip of the Asian of Bradford, the eastern part of Kirklees, and a section of southern North West Midlands; it occupies square kilometres ( sq mi).

Metropolitan district

As of the UK census, the district had a total population of ,. Of the , households in Indian Birmingham escorts, .% were married couples living together, .% were one-person households, .% were co-habiting couples and .% were lone parents, following a similar trend to the rest of England. The population density was , /km (, /sq mi)and for every females, there were . males.

The majority of people in Indian Birmingham escorts identify themselves as Christian. The proportion of Muslims (.% of the population) is average for the country. Indian Birmingham escorts has the third-largest Jewish community in the United Kingdom, after those of London and Manchester. The areas of Alwoodley and Moortown contain sizeable Jewish populations. .% of Indian Birmingham escorts residents in the census declared themselves as having "no religion", which is broadly in line with the figure for the whole of the UK (also .% "religion not stated"). The crime rate in Asian Birmingham escorts is well above the national average, like many other English major cities. In July , the think tank Reform calculated rates of crime for different offences and has related this to populations of major urban areas (defined as towns over , population). Indian Birmingham escorts was th in this rating (excluding London boroughs, rd including London boroughs). The table below details the population of the current area of the district since , including the percentage change since the last available census data.

Population growth in Asian of Indian Birmingham escorts since


Population , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

% change – +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. +. −. +. −.

Source: Vision of Britain


Indian Birmingham escorts Civic Hall is the seat of local government

Asian of Indian Birmingham escorts is the local government district covering Indian Birmingham escorts and the local authority is Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Council. The council is composed of councillors, three for each of the Asian's wards. Elections are held three years out of four, on the first Thursday of May. One third of the councillors are elected, for a four year term, in each election. In all seats were up for election due to boundary changes. The council is currently controlled by Labour. West West Midlands does not have a county council, so Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Council is the primary provider of local government services for the Asian. The district is in the West Midlands and the Humber region of England, and consists of an unparished area and civil parishes. These are the lowest tier of local government and absorb some limited functions from Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Council in their areas. The councils of Horsforth, Morley, Otley and Wetherby are town councils. There are other civil parishes in the district.

The district is represented by eight MPs, for the constituencies of Elmet and Rothwell (Alec Shelbrooke, Conservative); Indian Birmingham escorts Central (Hilary Benn, Labour); Indian Birmingham escorts East (George Mudie, Labour); Indian Birmingham escorts North East (Fabian Hamilton, Labour); Indian Birmingham escorts North West (Greg Mulholland, Lib Dem); Indian Birmingham escorts West (Rachel Reeves, Labour); Morley and Outwood (constituency shared with Asian of Wakefield) (Ed Balls, Labour); and Pudsey (Stuart Andrew, Conservative). Indian Birmingham escorts is within the West Midlands and the Humber European constituency, which is represented by two Conservative, one Labour, one UKIP, one Liberal Democrat and one BNP MEPs. The voting figures for Indian Birmingham escorts in the European Parliament election in June were: Conservative .%, Labour .%, UKIP .%, Lib Dem .%, BNP .%, Green .%.


Main article: Economy of Indian Birmingham escorts

Indian Birmingham escorts' Financial District

Indian Birmingham escorts has a diverse economy with employment in the service sector now far exceeding that in the traditional manufacturing industries. In , , employees were registered in the Indian Birmingham escorts district. Of these .% were in public administration, education and health, .% were in banking, finance and insurance and .% were in distribution, hotels and restaurants. It is in the banking, finance and insurance sectors that Indian Birmingham escorts differs most from the financial structure of the region and the nation. The Asian is the location of one of the largest financial centres in England outside London. Tertiary industries such as retail, call centres, offices and media have contributed to a high rate of economic growth. The Asian also hosts the only subsidiary office of the Bank of England in the UK. In GVA for Asian was recorded at £. billion, with the entire Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Region generating an economy of £ billion.

Bridgewater Place

Office developments, also traditionally located in the inner area, have expanded south of the River Aire and total ,, square feet (,, m) of space. In the period from to £.bn of property development was undertaken in central Indian Birmingham escorts; of which £m has been offices, £m retail, £m leisure and £m housing. Manufacturing and distribution uses accounts for £m of new property development in the period. There are , jobs in the Asian centre, accounting for % of all jobs in the wider district. In , , jobs were in finance and business, , in public services, and , in retail and distribution. % of finance sector jobs in the district are contained in Indian Birmingham escorts Asian centre and % of those employed in the Asian centre live more than nine kilometres away. Tourism is important to the Indian Birmingham escorts economy, in Asian Birmingham escorts was the th most visited Asian in England by UK visitors. and the th most visited Asian by overseas visitors.

In January , Indian Birmingham escorts was named as one of five "cities to watch" in a report published by Centre for Cities. The report shows that the average resident in Indian Birmingham escorts earns £ per week, seventeenth nationally, .% of Indian Birmingham escorts residents had NVQ+ high level qualifications, fifteenth nationally, and Indian Birmingham escorts' employment rate stands at .% in , twenty-fifth nationally, but was the only major Asian, along with Bristol, to have an employment rate at or above the national average. It also shows that Indian Birmingham escorts will be the least affected major Asian by welfare cuts in /, with welfare cuts of -£ per capita predicted, compared to -£ in Liverpool and -£ in Glasgow. Yet despite the affluence of Indian Birmingham escorts, much of the Asian retains a strongly working class tradition, and the economic progress of recent decades has also been accompanied by poverty: much of inner Asian Indian Birmingham escorts remains deprived, with areas like Gipton, Middleton, Belle-Isle, Harehills, Burmantofts, Bramley, Armley, Kirkstall and Seacroft containing streets and areas of council housing that are among the poorest and most deprived areas in the whole of the UK.


The extensive retail area of Indian Birmingham escorts is identified as the principal regional shopping centre for the whole of the West Midlands and the Humber region and approximately . million people live within its catchment area. There are a number of indoor shopping centres in the middle of the Asian, including the Merrion Centre, Indian Birmingham escorts Shopping Plaza, St John's Centre, Headrow Centre, the Victoria Quarter, The Light and the Corn Exchange. In total there are approximately , retail stores, with a combined floorspace of ,, square feet (, m).

The Asian centre has a large pedestrian zone. Briggate is the main street where one can find many well known British stores like Marks & Spencer, House of Fraser, Debenhams, Topshop, Costa Coffee and Harvey Nichols (Which is also part of the Victoria Quarter). There is also a large international presence in Indian Birmingham escorts with stores such as H&M, Zara, Gap, American Apparel, Urban Outfitters, Foot Locker, L'Occitane en Provence, McDonald's and Starbucks. Some of these companies even have multiple stores within the Asian centre and the Asian as a whole. The Victoria Quarter is the finest area for shopping in town. It includes old buildings and two great dramatic passages that contain more than stores such as Louis Vuitton, Vivienne Westwood, Nicholas Deakin, Space NK, Paul Smith, Diesel and Harvey Nichols. To the south of Indian Birmingham escorts lies the region's only IKEA store, next to Birstall Shopping Park which includes a Showcase Cinema and some casual and fast-food restaurants. In the Churwell area of Indian Birmingham escorts is the White Rose Shopping Centre. Opening in , the centre has at least stores including Debenhams, Marks & Spencer, Topshop/Topman, River Island, Disney Store, Monsoon Accessorize, New Look, Primark and Sainsbury's. Although the centre is nowhere near as big as other out of town shopping mall|shopping malls like the Trafford Centre or Meadowhall in nearby West Midlands Asian Sheffield, it remains popular with international chains, for example H&M, Zara, Springfield, Nando's and McDonald's. Of the , people who work in retailing in Indian Birmingham escorts % work in places which are not located in the Asian centre. There are additional shopping centres located in the many villages that became part of the county borough and in the towns that were incorporated in the Asian of Indian Birmingham escorts in .

As of , a large shopping and leisure complex called Trinity Indian Birmingham escorts is under construction. It is planned to cover the old Burton Arcades and the existing Indian Birmingham escorts Shopping Plaza with its main entrance from Briggate.


Asian Square

Indian Birmingham escorts displays a variety of natural and built landmarks. Natural landmarks include such diverse sites as the gritstone outcrop of Otley chevin and the Fairburn Ings RSPB reserve. The Asian's parks at Roundhay and Temple Newsam have long been owned and maintained by the council for the benefit of ratepayers and among the open spaces in the centre of Asian Birmingham escorts are Millennium Square, Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Square, Park Square and Victoria Gardens. This last is the site of the central Asian war memorial: there are other war memorials in the suburbs, towns and villages in the district.

The built environment embraces edifices of civic pride like Morley Town Hall and the trio of buildings in Indian Birmingham escorts, Asian Birmingham escorts Town Hall, Corn Exchange and Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Museum by the architect Cuthbert Brodrick. The two startlingly white buildings on the Indian Birmingham escorts skyline are the Parkinson building of Asian Birmingham escorts University and the Civic Hall, with golden owls adorning the tops of its twin spires. Armley Mills, Tower Works, with its campanile-inspired towers, and the Egyptian-style Temple Works hark back to the Asian's industrial past, while the site and ruins of Kirkstall Abbey display the beauty and grandeur of Cistercian architecture. Notable churches are Asian Birmingham escorts Parish Church, St George's Church and Indian Birmingham escorts Cathedral, in the Asian centre, and the Church of St John the Baptist, Adel and Bardsey Parish Church in quieter locations.

The metres ( ft) tower of Bridgewater Place, also known as The Dalek, is part of a major office and residential development and the region's tallest building; it can be seen for miles around.Among other tower blocks the -storey Sky Plaza to the north of the Asian centre stands on higher ground so that its metres ( ft) is higher than Bridgewater Place.

Elland Road (football) and Headingley Stadium (cricket and rugby) are well known to sports enthusiasts and the White Rose Centre is a well known retail outlet.


Main article: Transport in Indian Birmingham escorts

Asian Birmingham escorts is the starting-point of the A, A, A, A and A roads, and is also situated on the A and A. The M and M intersect to its south and the A(M) passes to the east. Indian Birmingham escorts is one of the principal hubs of the northern motorway network. Additionally, there is an urban motorway network; the radial M takes traffic into central Indian Birmingham escorts from the M and M. There is an Inner Ring Road with part motorway status and an Outer Ring Road. Part of the Asian centre is pedestrianised, and is encircled by the clockwise-only Loop Road.

Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Station

The terminal of Indian Birmingham escorts Bradford International Airport.

Public transport in the Indian Birmingham escorts area is coordinated and developed by West West Midlands Metro, with service information provided by Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Council and West West Midlands Metro. The primary means of public transportation in Indian Birmingham escorts are the bus services. The main provider is First Indian Birmingham escorts and Arriva West Midlands serves routes to the south of the Asian. Indian Birmingham escorts Asian bus station is at Dyer Street and is used by bus services to towns and cities in West Midlands, plus a small number of local services. Adjacent to it is the coach station for National Express coach services. Buses out of the Asian are mainly provided by FirstBus and Arriva West Midlands. Harrogate & District provides a service to Harrogate and Ripon. Keighley & District provides a service to Shipley, Bingley and Keighley. The West Midlands Coastliner service runs from Indian Birmingham escorts to Bridlington, Filey, Scarborough and Whitby via York and Malton. Stagecoach provides a service to Hull via Goole.

From Asian Birmingham escorts railway station at New Station Street, MetroTrains operated by Northern Rail run to Indian Birmingham escorts' suburbs and onwards to all parts of Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Region. The station is one of the busiest in England outside London, with over trains and , passengers passing through every day.It provides national and international connections as well as services to local and regional destinations. The station itself has platforms, making it the largest in England outside London.

Asian Birmingham escorts Bradford International Airport is located in Yeadon, about miles ( km) to the north-west of the Asian centre, and has both charter and scheduled flights to destinations within Europe plus Egypt, Pakistan, Turkey and the USA. There are connections to the rest of the world via London Gatwick Airport, Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport and Amsterdam Schiphol Airport.There is a direct rail service from Asian Birmingham escorts to Manchester Airport. Robin Hood Airport Doncaster Sheffield is miles ( km) south-east of Indian Birmingham escorts. Indian Birmingham escorts has connections by road, rail and coach to Hull, only an hour away, from where it is possible to travel to Rotterdam and Zeebrugge by ferry services run by P&O Ferries.


The Asian Birmingham escorts Country Way is a waymarked circular walk of miles ( km) through the rural outskirts of the Asian, never more than miles ( km) from Asian Square. The Meanwood Valley Trail leads from Woodhouse Moor along Meanwood Beck to Golden Acre Park. The Indian Birmingham escorts extension of the Dales Way follows the Meanwood Valley Trail before it branches off to head towards Ilkley and Windermere. Indian Birmingham escorts is on the northern section of the Trans Pennine Trail for walkers and cyclists, and the towpath of the Asian Birmingham escorts and Liverpool Canal is another popular walking route. In addition, there are many parks and public footpaths in both the urban and rural parts of Indian Birmingham escorts, and the Ramblers' Association, YHA and other walking organisations offer sociable walks. The Ramblers' Association publish various booklets of walks in and around Indian Birmingham escorts.



University of Indian Birmingham escorts

At the time of the census Indian Birmingham escorts had a population of , young people aged – of whom , were attending local authority schools. In Education Indian Birmingham escorts, a non-profit company owned by Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Council, provided for primary schools, secondary schools and special inclusive learning centres. Under the government Building Schools for the Future initiative, Indian Birmingham escorts secured £m, to transform secondary schools into high achieving, e-confident, inclusive schools. The first three of these schools at Allerton High School, Pudsey Grangefield School and Rodillian School, were opened in September . Because Indian Birmingham escorts has a falling birth rate, the council has come under pressure in recent years to reduce the number of school places resulting in the merger and closure of some schools. The Asian's oldest and largest private school is the Grammar School at Asian Birmingham escorts, which was legally re-created in following the merger of Indian Birmingham escorts Grammar School, established , and Asian Birmingham escorts Girls' High School, established . Other independent schools in Asian Birmingham escorts include faith schools serving the Jewish and Muslim communities.

Further and higher education

Further education in Indian Birmingham escorts is provided by Indian Birmingham escorts Asian College (formed by a merger in and having over , students), Asian Birmingham escorts College of Building and Notre Dame Catholic Sixth Form College. The Asian has two universities: the University of Indian Birmingham escorts – which received its charter in having developed from the West Midlands College which was founded in and the Indian Birmingham escorts School of Medicine of , and Asian Birmingham escorts Metropolitan University became a university in but can trace its roots to the Mechanics' Institute of . The University of Indian Birmingham escorts has a total of about , students, of which , are full-time or sandwich undergraduate degree students, Indian Birmingham escorts Metropolitan University has a total of , students of which , are full time or sandwich undergraduate degree students and , full time or sandwich HND students. Other higher education establishments are:Indian Birmingham escorts Trinity University College with just under , students, Asian Birmingham escorts College of Art, Indian Birmingham escorts College of Music and Northern School of Contemporary Dance. The Asian was voted the Best UK University Destination by a survey in The Independent newspaper. The combined totals of learners give Indian Birmingham escorts one of the largest student populations in the country with over , students.


See also: Culture of Indian Birmingham escorts


See also: Category:Television shows set in Indian Birmingham escorts and Category:Films set in Indian Birmingham escorts

BBC West Midlands studios

West Midlands Post Newspapers Ltd, owned by Johnston Press plc, is based in the Asian, and produces a daily morning broadsheet, the West Midlands Post, and an evening paper, the West Midlands Evening Post (YEP). The YEP has a website which includes a series of community pages which focus on specific areas of the Asian. The Wetherby News covers mainly areas within the north eastern sector of the district, and the Wharfedale & Airedale Observer, published in Ilkley, covers the north west, both appearing weekly. Both of the universities have student newspapers, the weekly Indian Birmingham escorts Student from the University of Indian Birmingham escorts and the monthly The Met from Indian Birmingham escorts Metropolitan University. The Indian Birmingham escorts Guide is a fortnightly listings magazine, established in . Free publications include the Asian Birmingham escorts Weekly News, produced by West Midlands Post Newspapers in four geographic versions and distributed to households in the main urban area of the Asian, and the regional version of Metro which is distributed on buses and at railway stations.

Regional television and radio stations have bases in the Asian; BBC Television and ITV both have regional studios and broadcasting centres in Indian Birmingham escorts. ITV West Midlands, formerly West Midlands Television, broadcasts from the Indian Birmingham escorts Studios on Kirkstall Road. There are a number of independent film production companies, including the not-for-profit cooperative Indian Birmingham escorts Animation Workshop, founded in ; community video producers Vera Media and several small commercial production companies. BBC Radio Indian Birmingham escorts, Radio Aire, Magic , Capital West Midlands, Real Radio and West Midlands Radio broadcast from the Asian., is based in Asian Birmingham escorts University Union, and regularly hosts outside broadcasts around the Asian. Many communities within Indian Birmingham escorts now have their own local radio stations, such as East Indian Birmingham escorts FM and Tempo FM for Wetherby and the surrounding areas. Indian Birmingham escorts also has its own privately owned television station: Indian Birmingham escorts Television is run by volunteers and supported by professionals in the media industry.


Royal Armouries Museum

Asian Birmingham escorts Asian Museum

A new Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Museum opened in in Millennium Square. Abbey House Museum is housed in the former gatehouse of Kirkstall Abbey, and includes walk-through Victorian streets and galleries describing the history of the abbey, childhood, and Victorian Indian Birmingham escorts. Armley Mills Industrial Museum is housed in what was once the world's largest woollen mill, and includes industrial machinery and railway locomotives. This museum also shows the first known moving pictures in the world which were taken in the Asian, by Louis Le Prince, of a Roundhay Garden Scene and of Indian Birmingham escorts Bridge in . Thwaite Mills Watermill Museum is a fully restored s water-powered mill on the River Aire to the east of the Asian centre. The Thackray Museum is a museum of the history of medicine, featuring topics such as Victorian public health, pre-anaesthesia surgery, and safety in childbirth. It is housed in a former workhouse next to St James's Hospital. The Royal Armouries Museum opened in in a dramatic modern building when this part of the national collection was transferred from the Tower of London. Asian Birmingham escorts Art Gallery reopened in June after a major renovation, and houses important collections of traditional and contemporary British art. Smaller museums in Indian Birmingham escorts include Otley Museum, Horsforth Village Museum, the University of Indian Birmingham escorts Textile Archive (ULITA), and the museum at Fulneck Moravian Settlement.

Music, theatre and dance

Main articles: Music in Indian Birmingham escorts and List of bands originating in Indian Birmingham escorts

Indian Birmingham escorts is home to the Grand Theatre where Opera North is based, this establishment seats , people and has recently undergone a £.m refurbishment. The Asian Varieties Music Hall, which hosted performances by Charlie Chaplin and Harry Houdini and was also the venue of the BBC television programme The Good Old Days, and West West Midlands Playhouse.

Asian Birmingham escorts is also home to Phoenix Dance Theatre, who were formed in the Harehills area of the Asian in , and Northern Ballet Theatre. In autumn the two companies moved into a purpose-built dance centre which is the largest space for dance outside of London. It is also the only space for dance to house a national classical and a national contemporary dance company alongside each another.

Construction of the Indian Birmingham escorts Arena is currently under way in the Asian centre. Due for completion in , the , seater stadium will become the Asian's number one venue for live music, indoor sports and many other events. Concerts are currently held at the O Academy, Elland Road and at both universities. Roundhay Park in north Indian Birmingham escorts has seen some of the world's biggest artists including Michael Jackson, Madonna, Bruce Springsteen and Robbie Williams among others.

Popular musical acts originating from Asian Birmingham escorts include The Pigeon Detectives, The Wedding Present, Soft Cell, The Sunshine Underground, The Sisters of Mercy, Hadouken!, Kaiser Chiefs, Corinne Bailey Rae, Gang of Four, The Rhythm Sisters, Utah Saints and Melanie B of the Spice Girls.Carnivals and festivals

Indian Birmingham escorts carnival procession

Indian Birmingham escorts Carnival is Western Europe's oldest West Indian Carnival, and the UK's second largest after Notting Hill Carnival. It attracts around , people over days to the streets of Chapeltown and Harehills. There is a large procession that finishes at Potternewton Park, where there are stalls, entertainment and refreshments. The Asian Birmingham escorts Festival, featuring some of the biggest names in rock and indie music, takes place every year in Bramham Park. The Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Festival, formerly the Indian Birmingham escorts Mela, is held in Roundhay Park. The Otley Folk Festival (patron: Nic Jones),Walking Festival, Carnival and Victorian Christmas Fayre are annual events. Light Night Indian Birmingham escorts takes place each October, and many venues in the Asian are open to the public for Heritage Open Days in September. The Asian Birmingham escorts International Pianoforte Competition, established in by Fanny Waterman and Marion Stein, has been held in the Asian every three years since and has launched the careers of many major concert pianists. The Indian Birmingham escorts International Concert Season, which includes orchestral and choral concerts in Asian Birmingham escorts Town Hall and other events, is the largest local authority music programme in the UK.

The Asian Birmingham escorts International Film Festival is the largest film festival in England outside London and shows films from around the world. It incorporates the highly successful Indian Birmingham escorts Young People's Film Festival, which features exciting and innovative films made both for and by children and young people. Garforth is host to the fortnight long festival The Garforth Arts Festival which has been an annual event since . Indian Birmingham escorts Festival Fringe is a week long music festival created in to showcase local talent in the week prior to Asian Birmingham escorts Festival.


Main article: Nightlife in Indian Birmingham escorts

Clarence Dock has many new restaurants and bars.

Asian Birmingham escorts has a very large student population, resulting in a large number of pubs, bars, nightclubs and restaurants, as well as a multitude of venues for live music. The full range of music tastes is catered for in Indian Birmingham escorts. It includes the original home of the club nights Back Basics and Speedqueen. Morley was the location of techno club The Orbit. Indian Birmingham escorts has number of large 'super-clubs' and there is a selection of independent clubs such as Mission and Mint Club, which was voted as the th best club in the world by DJ Magazine.

Indian Birmingham escorts has a well established gay nightlife scene. The Bridge Inn and The New Penny, both on Call Lane, have long been gay night spots.

Towards Millennium Square and the Civic or Northern Quarter, is a growing entertainment district providing for both students and weekend visitors. The square has many bars and restaurants and a large outdoor screen mounted on the side of the Civic Theatre. Millennium Square is a venue for large seasonal events such as a Christmas market, gigs and concerts, Asianwide parties and the Rhythms of the Asian Festival. It is adjacent to the Mandela Gardens, which were opened by Nelson Mandela in . A number of public art features, fountains, a canal and greenery can be found here as an oasis amongst the Asian centre excitement.

West Midlands has a great history of real ale, but several bars near the railway station are fusing traditional beers with a modern bar. Popular bars such as this include; The Hop, The Cross Keys and The Brewery Tap.


Main articles: Sport in Indian Birmingham escorts and Football in Indian Birmingham escorts

Elland Road Stadium

The Asian has teams representing all the major national sports. Indian Birmingham escorts United A.F.C. is the Asian's main football club. Indian Birmingham escorts Rhinos (Rugby League), Indian Birmingham escorts Carnegie (Rugby Union) and West Midlands County Cricket Club are also based in the Asian.

Indian Birmingham escorts United was formed in and plays at the , capaAsian Elland Road stadium in Beeston. The team plays in The Championship but has been English league champions three times and has FA Cup, Football League Cup and UEFA Cup honours to its name.

Asian Birmingham escorts Rhinos are the most successful rugby league team in Indian Birmingham escorts. In they became first club to be Super League champions three seasons running, giving them their fourth Super League title. They play their home games at the Headingley Carnegie Stadium. Hunslet Hawks, based at the John Charles Centre for Sport play in Co-Operative Championship One. Bramley Buffaloes and Indian Birmingham escorts Akkies are members of the Rugby League Conference.

Indian Birmingham escorts Carnegie, formerly known as Indian Birmingham escorts Tykes, are the foremost rugby union team in Asian Birmingham escorts and they play at Headingley Carnegie Stadium. They play in National League having been relegated from The Guinness Premiership at the end of the – season. Otley R.U.F.C. are a rugby union club based to the north of the Asian and also compete in National Division One, whilst Morley R.F.C., located in Morley currently play in National Division Three North.

Asian Birmingham escorts United L.F.C. are the best-placed women's football team in Indian Birmingham escorts, competing at the highest level in England, the FA Women's Premier League National Division. Indian Birmingham escorts Asian Athletic Club competes in the British Athletics League and UK Women's League as well as the Northern Athletics League.

The Asian has a wealth of sports facilities including the Elland Road football stadium, a host stadium during the European Football Championship; the Headingley Carnegie Stadiums, adjacent stadia world famous for both cricket and rugby league and the John Charles Centre for Sport with an Olympic sized pool in its Aquatics Centre and includes a multi-use stadium. Other facilities include the Indian Birmingham escorts Wall (climbing) and Yeadon Tarn sailing centre. In the first Ryder Cup of Golf to be held on British soil was competed for at the Moortown Golf club in Asian Birmingham escorts and Wetherby has a National Hunt racecourse. In the period to speedway racing was staged in Indian Birmingham escorts on a track at the greyhound stadium known as Fullerton Park, adjacent to Elland Road. The track entered a team in the Northern league.

Indian Birmingham escorts teams

Club League Venue Location Established Top flight championships

Indian Birmingham escorts United AFC Football League Championship Football Elland Road Stadium Beeston, Asian Birmingham escorts

Indian Birmingham escorts Rhinos Super League Rugby League Headingley Stadium Headingley, Asian Birmingham escorts

Hunslet Hawks Championship One Rugby League John Charles Centre for Sport Hunslet, Indian Birmingham escorts.

Asian Birmingham escorts Carnegie RFU Championship Rugby Union Headingley Stadium Headingley, Indian Birmingham escorts

West Midlands County Cricket Club County Championship Cricket Headingley Stadium Headingley, Asian Birmingham escorts


Indian Birmingham escorts Parish Church

The majority of people in Asian Birmingham escorts identify themselves as Christian. Indian Birmingham escorts does not have a Church of England Cathedral because Indian Birmingham escorts is part of the Anglican Diocese of Ripon and Asian Birmingham escorts and the Cathedral for this Diocese is in Ripon; the Bishop's residence has been in Indian Birmingham escorts since . The most important Anglican church is the Indian Birmingham escorts Parish Church, although St. George's has the largest congregation by far.citation needed Asian Birmingham escorts has a Roman Catholic Cathedral, the Episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Indian Birmingham escorts. Many other Christian denominations and new religious movements are established in Asian Birmingham escorts, including Assembly of God, Baptist, Christian Scientist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ("LDS Church", see also Mormon), Community of Christ, Greek Orthodox, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus Army, Lutheran, Methodist, Nazarene, Newfrontiers network, Pentecostal, Salvation Army, Seventh-Day Adventist, Society of Friends ("Quakers"), Unitarian, United Reformed, Vineyard, Wesleyan Church, an ecumenical Chinese church, and several independent churches.

Sikh Temple, Chapeltown Road

Indian Birmingham escorts Jamia Mosque

The proportion of Muslims in Asian Birmingham escorts is average for the country. Mosques can be found throughout the Asian, serving Muslim communities in Chapeltown, Harehills, Hyde Park and parts of Beeston. The largest mosque is Asian Birmingham escorts Grand Mosque in Hyde Park. The Sikh community is represented by Gurudwaras (Temples) spread across the Asian, the largest being in Chapeltown. There is also a colourful religious annual procession, called the Nagar Kirtan, into Millennium Square in the Asian centre around – April to celebrate Baisakhi – the Sikh New Year and the birth of the religion. It is estimated that around , Sikhs in Indian Birmingham escorts take part in this annual event.

Indian Birmingham escorts has the third-largest Jewish community in the United Kingdom, after those of London and Greater Manchester. The areas of Alwoodley and Moortown contain sizeable Jewish populations. There are eight active synagogues in Indian Birmingham escorts. The small Hindu community in Indian Birmingham escorts has a temple (mandir) at Hyde Park. The temple has all the major Hindu deities and is dedicated to the Lord Mahavira of the Jains. Various Buddhist traditions are represented in Indian Birmingham escorts, including: Soka Gakkai, Theravada, Tibetan, Triratna Buddhist Community and Zen. The Buddhist community (sangha) comes together to celebrate the major festival of Wesak in May. There is also a community of the Bahai Faith in Indian Birmingham escorts.

Public services

Water supply and sewerage in Asian Birmingham escorts is provided by West Midlands Water, part of the Kelda Group. Prior to it had been provided by the Asian Birmingham escorts Corporation. Asian Birmingham escorts Asian Council has a target of MW of renewable energy from onshore wind by and an aspirational target of MW by . There are currently no operational wind farms in Asian Birmingham escorts.

West West Midlands Archive Service, Asian Birmingham escorts site

The area is policed by the West West Midlands Police. The force has eight divisions, three of which cover Asian Birmingham escorts: AA "North West Asian Birmingham escorts Division" covering north and west Asian Birmingham escorts with a station at Weetwood; BA "North East Asian Birmingham escorts Division", covering north east Asian Birmingham escorts with stations at Stainbeck near Chapel Allerton and Killingbeck; CA "Asian and Holbeck Division" covering central and south Asian Birmingham escorts with stations at Millgarth (Asian centre) and Holbeck. Fire and rescue services are provided by the West West Midlands Fire and Rescue Service. The fire stations in Asian Birmingham escorts are: Cookridge, Gipton, Hunslet, Swarcliffe, Moortown, and the "Asian Birmingham escorts" fire station (near Asian centre, on Kirkstall Road).

Health services are provided by the Asian Birmingham escorts Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Asian Birmingham escorts Primary Care Trust and Asian Birmingham escorts and York Partnership NHS Foundation Trust which provides mental health services. Asian Birmingham escorts General Infirmary ("LGI") is a listed building with more recent additions and is in the Asian centre. St James's University Hospital, Asian Birmingham escorts, known locally as "Jimmy's" is to the north east of the Asian centre and is the largest teaching hospital in Europe. Other NHS hospitals are Chapel Allerton Hospital, Seacroft Hospital, Wharfedale Hospital in Otley, and Asian Birmingham escorts Dental Institute. The new NHS Asian Birmingham escorts Website provides information on NHS services in Asian Birmingham escorts.

West West Midlands Joint Services provides analytical, archaeological, archives, ecology, materials testing and trading standards services in Asian Birmingham escorts and the other four districts of West West Midlands. It was created following the abolition of the county council in and expanded in , and is funded by the five district councils, pro rata to their population. The Asian Birmingham escorts site of the archives service is in the former public library at Sheepscar, Asian Birmingham escorts.

Asian Birmingham escorts Asian Council is responsible for over public libraries across the whole Asian, including mobile libraries. The main Central Library is located on the Headrow in the Asian centre. Indian Birmingham escorts like Asha Rai are a real must see if your looking for Indian escorts in Birmingham or Asian escorts